Human-snow leopard conflicts in the Sanjiangyuan Region of the Tibetan Plateau


发布日期2017-05-09
资源类型报告
全部作者Juan Li,Hang Yin, Dajun Wang, Zhala Jiagong, Zhi Lu
机构团队北京大学自然保护与社会发展研究中心
关键字Panthera uncia Human-wildlife conflictTraditional useLivestock depredationEconomic valueCultural imageAttitude
引用方式Li, J., Yin, H., Wang, D., Jiagong, Z. and Lu, Z., 2013. Human-snow leopard conflicts in the Sanjiangyuan Region of the Tibetan Plateau. Biological conservation, 166, pp.118-123. DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2013.06.024
知识共享许可协议署名-非商业性使用-相同方式共享

知识共享许可协议(本作品采用知识共享署名 4.0 国际许可协议进行许可)


摘要

Conflicts between humans and snow leopards are documented across much of their overlapping distribution in Central Asia. These conflicts manifest themselves primarily in the form of livestock depredation and the killing of snow leopards by local herders. This source of mortality to snow leopards is a key conservation concern. To investigate human-snow leopard conflicts in the Sanjiangyuan Region of the Tibetan Plateau, we conducted household interviews about local herders’ traditional use of snow leopard parts, livestock depredation, and overall attitudes towards snow leopards. We found most respondents (58%) knew that snow leopard parts had been used for traditional customs in the past, but they claimed not in the past two or three decades. It may be partly due to the issuing of the Protection of Wildlife Law in 1998 by the People’s Republic of China. Total livestock losses were damaging (US$ 6193 per household in the past 1 year), however snow leopards were blamed by herders for only a small proportion of those losses (10%), as compared to wolves (45%) and disease (42%). Correspondingly, the cultural images of snow leopards were neutral (78%) and positive (9%) on the whole. It seems that human-snow leopard conflict is not intense in this area. However, snow leopards could be implicated by the retaliatory killing of wolves. We recommend a multi-pronged conservation program that includes compensation, insurance programs, and training local veterinarians to reduce livestock losses.


下载>>(大小 0)
真实姓名
联系电话
电子邮箱
机构名称
下载用途
验证码
我已经认真阅读并同意自然观察网的《使用协议》。